Waste minimization

What is the minimization of waste? 
Waste minimization refers to the reduction in the use of resources and energy, the method of recycling or waste disposal. Any process designed to change the physical, chemical, or biological composition of waste such as compaction, neutralization, dilution, and incineration is not regarded as waste minimization practices.

Waste minimization refers to a strategy aimed at preventing the disposal via the upstream, on the production side, this strategy focuses on the optimal utilization of resources and energy usage by lowering the levels of toxins during the production process to minimize waste and thus improve the efficiency of resource before the manufacturing process, for example, the design of products, cleaning products, reuse of scrap materials, improve the quality, etc. Iso 27001 Freelance Work On the consumption side, the waste minimization strategy aims to strengthen environmental awareness and responsibility to reduce waste.

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Benefits of Waste Minimization
Minimaliasi waste provide economic benefits such as more efficient use of inputs to reduce purchases of raw materials. Manufacturers will see waste reduction as a decrease in the cost of the volume of Non-Product Output (NPO) , additional cost savings can be realized through the Management System Hazardous Chemicals and Toxic Substances , waste minimization program can also contribute to measure success in terms of market share, revenue growth and cost savings , Proper recycling program useful to convert the cost into a revenue stream when the volume of commodities increases.

The decline in the volume of hazardous waste can also reduce the levels of toxins during the manufacturing process which may result in fewer employees exposure to toxins and improve overall in occupational health. This factor usually results in an increase in employee satisfaction and retention, and reduction of the potential risks and liabilities associated with the use, storage and disposal of hazardous materials.

Waste minimization will also have an impact on the environment, companies benefit when implementing an Environmental Management System such as carbon reduction, air emissions and water as well as conservation of natural resources that are usually associated with raw material extraction and disposal of waste, conserve energy and water used for sewage treatment and raw material.

Preliminary Procedures
waste minimization programs that effectively meet the following steps:

1. Establish Management Commitment. 
Management support demonstrates the commitment of the organization’s objectives and can help reduce the tendency for employees to ignore the procedural changes.

2. Divide Area Identification of Raw Materials and Waste. 
Mapping resources and waste will determine the quantity and location where the raw material used together with the number and location of waste. This information can help waste out of the manufacturing process.

3. Identify Operational Costs. 
Environmental cost accounting helps companies calculate the overall impact of the production process. This information can serve as a basis for measuring progress and cost savings after waste minimimalisasi program implemented.

4. Setting Goals and Priorities and Waste Management Development Plan. 
Waste minimization plan would be a more useful tool if framed in the context of their particular facility. It must be set before the waste minimization plan is developed, with input from senior management and employees to ensure that priorities are aligned. The formulation of the priority objectives and collaborative ensure that waste minimization plan becomes effective.

5. Implement Waste Management Plan and Implement Continuous Improvement .
Waste management plans must be implemented at the facility, feedback and recommendations for improvements to help ensure that the waste minimization plan can be implemented as effectively as possible, at the same time is able to motivate employees and show how their expertise is appreciated. Strive to continuously improve waste minimization plan to make the company one step ahead of the competition.

Obstacles Overcome
Obstacles for companies that want to minimize their waste in these difficult economic times is a challenge to secure the necessary resources for the production process. producers supply chain complex or less transparent to give trouble finding or securing alternative raw materials for manufacturing processes that hamper efforts to reduce toxic waste processes. Companies can overcome these obstacles in different ways, for example by communicating and maintaining long-term perspective, although some investment in waste minimization requires start-up costs, but it would be cost neutral in a short period of time and will save the company money afterwards.

Vendors must assist manufacturers in achieving its objectives and does not hinder the implementation of waste minimaliasi. Companies must collaborate with vendors to ensure that the purchased materials arrive in minimal packaging or packaging can be reused to avoid the cost of disposal. Vendors also can help minimize waste by providing input on the size or shape to avoid excess junk in the manufacturing process.

The contract agreement can also help ensure that the vendor make a positive contribution towards the objectives of the organization. Management support and employee engagement strategies can help reduce the tendency for employees to resist change.

There are several tools and techniques that can be applied by manufacturers to minimize waste, for example, representatives from each operating area can be formed “Team Greening” to communicate ideas and advancement of members of senior management down to employees of the department, ensuring an integrated approach and comprehensive for the minimization the entire facility.

Reduction of packaging materials can also affect the overall volume of the waste stream. Manufacturers can redesign product packaging to minimize the amount of materials used and to maximize the amount that can be recycled.

Tool and Engineering
Company must optimize production through comprehensive recycling to avoid disposal costs, minimize waste and avoid the purchase of raw materials is not necessary. In addition, companies should try to carry out procurement of raw materials with the potential for recycling as possible.

After completing the accounting of environmental costs in the production process, manufacturers must utilize the same technique with the Life Cycle Assessment, to assist in the selection of alternative materials or technologies that reduce waste and reduce environmental impact. the practice of “Net-net” increased to ensure that the raw materials are used efficiently, this practice also prevents material loss due to spillage, evaporation or evaporation.

Manufacturers must take precautions to avoid the process that led to the hazardous waste is mixed with non-hazardous wastes, as well as it is able to minimize the amount of hazardous waste that must be stored, treated and disposed of, which will reduce the costs associated with the management of hazardous materials. Maintaining accurate inventory of raw materials and the proper use of the container label also helps to avoid wastage of material, helping to ensure that the minimum amount of materials purchased and also that the ingredients are easily damaged can be used before they reach their expiration date.

Conclusion
There are many benefits for producers when implementing waste minimization strategies, ranging from the cost savings and reduce risk and avoid excessive carbon reduction. If your organization intends to implement an Environmental Management System, please contact isokonsultindo for more information.